How Many Contraceptive Methods Are There?

Different contraceptive methods give you a wide range of possibilities to avoid unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. Find the one that suits you.

Birth control has always been a very questioned issue by different sectors of society. In many countries the use of procedures to prevent procreation is still penalized and there is a lot of misinformation about it.

Therefore in this article we will tell you what are the contraceptive methods that exist and how you can avoid having children if that is the decision of the woman (and the man too).

In addition, some of these contraception methods serve to prevent the spread of many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as HIV. That is why it is important to know them.

Contraceptive methods: From higher to lower efficacy

To determine if each procedure is effective or not used the so-called “Pearl Index”, which calculates the number of pregnancies that would present a group of 100 women using the same method for a year.

To measure efficiency, two parameters must be considered: the theoretical effectiveness, measured in optimal conditions, and the real effectiveness, conditioned by possible human failures. These are the methods of contraception available:

Oral contraceptives

It is the well-known “pill” that women ingest to avoid becoming pregnant. If the daily intake is fulfilled, it works 99.7%. Now, if you forget to take it a day (or several), do not consume at the same time or vomit immediately after swallowing, that capacity drops to 92%.

There are different types of birth control pills. Each one has a greater or lesser load of hormones. The strongest ones contain estrogen and the milder ones (known as minipills) only progestogens.

The downside of this system is that by not using a condom in the sexual relationship increase the chances of getting an STD. The good news is that the menstruation date is clearly known and you can plan from the holidays to a romantic date.

Vaginal ring

The effectiveness is equal to that of the contraceptive pill but with the difference that it is introduced into the vagina. Gradually, hormones are released and a new plastic ring must be used each time a cycle begins (after menstruation).

Intrauterine device

Popularly known as “IUD”, it is the most used method. Unlike what is believed is not abortive nor should it be used only by those women who were already mothers.

It can be copper or hormonal (in this case it also regulates menstruation) and it is placed by the gynecologist. It has an efficiency of 99%.

Male condom

If it is used correctly, the possibility of pregnancy is reduced to 2%, but the problem is that many men place it “late”, that is, when pre-seminal fluid has already left the penis.

It is also common to break it with nails, rings, teeth or piercings. This lowers the effectiveness of the male condom to 85%.

On the other hand, it is important to remove it once the intercourse is over, it is not inside the vagina and not to use a condom that is “expired” (they last 5 years from the moment of manufacture, then lose their flexibility and resistance).

Injectable progestins

To be able to choose one of the available options it is necessary to consult with the gynecologist. The reliability of this method is: between 97 and 100%, which is pretty high.

Further info: EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW BIRTH CONTROL TUBAL LIGATION THAT NO ONE TELLS YOU! PAY ATTENTION!

Pill of the day after

The doctors indicate that it should only be used in cases of emergency and not on repeated occasions. The World Health Organization does not consider this pill as a contraceptive but as an abortifacient.

The action depends on the stage of the woman’s cycle. That is, it can prevent ovulation or egg nesting. The truth is that avoids pregnancy in 85% of cases.

Transdermal patch

A model wears a birth control patch that may be an alternative to birth control pills it’s maker suggests. The patch is worn on the skin and delivers a hormone that produces the same results as the pill, claim researchers. The Food and Drug Administration approved the Ortho-Evra patch for women November 20, 2001. (Photo by Getty Images)

For those women who do not want to have a plastic ring in their vagina or forget to take the pill there are some kinds of bandages or square strips less than 5 cm on each side.

The content of hormones is absorbed little by little through the pores of the skin.

It is applied in any area of ​​the body, which must be clean, dry and without creams at the time of placement.

Diaphragm

This contraceptive methods plug made of silicone or latex that is inserted into the vagina to prevent sperm from reaching the cervix. There are several sizes and the doctor determines the most suitable for each woman.

It should be used with a spermicide and removed 8 hours after intercourse. The efficacy ranges between 84 and 94%.

Spermicides

There are several presentations: spray, creams or vaginal ovules. Some condoms also include them. Its goal is basically to kill the sperm when they enter the vagina.

This  should be used 10 minutes before penetration and it is not a very safe method, since every 100 encounters can cause between 18 and 29 pregnancies. It is included in the list of undesirable methods.

Sponge

It is a special object that is placed in the vagina before sex and must be removed 8 hours after intercourse. In fact, it should never be used more than 24 hours. It is impregnated with spermicide. There is an efficacy of 84 to 91% for women who have not yet had children.

Those who were mothers sure know that the vaginal canal has dilated in childbirth and can not return to “normal”. Therefore, the method is less effective: 20 to 32 pregnancies every 100 uses.

Body temperature

When ovulation ends, the body temperature increases between 0.2 and 0.5 ° C and this is maintained until the end of the cycle. The warmer period of the organism also marks the infertile period of the woman.

It is not entirely reliable, because the temperature can vary for other issues, such as an infection, the arrival of summer or sports. It has an 80% accuracy if the temperature is taken every day at the same time.

Coitus Interruptus

Only if it is applied to the letter of the letter, the effectiveness is 96%. But for this purpose, not even a drop of precum should enter the vagina. In real life, the habit of removing the penis before male orgasm has a 70% reliability.

Female condom

It is one of the most “modern” contraceptive methods available, but it is not recommended for that reason. In fact, it is a kind of lubricated polyurethane sheath that is placed in the vagina and makes it resistant to the entry of sperm.

It is quite uncomfortable for both women and men but it has the capacity to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. Efficacy against pregnancies? Between 5 and 21%.

Don’t forget to SHARE the types of contraception methods with your female friends and family members on your social networks.